Big Data in Healthcare
IOT devices have a major role to play in healthcare, the analyst firm Gartner projects that by 2020 there will be more than 25 billion connected devices in the IoT. These sensors collect trillions of data events which can be further mapped to measures of health risk/benefits for patients.
The medical industry collects a huge amount of data but often it is siloed in archives controlled by different doctors’ surgeries, hospitals, clinics and administrative departments. There is a need for aggregating years of research data, clinical trends and data from IOT.
Bigdata Experts at Sentienz understand the game of scale, healthcare companies easily hit petabyte storage. Also we respect the existing IT Infrastructure and allow smooth adoption. Our platform enables you to fasten the road to advanced analytics.
Bigdata Healthcare “Scope”
McKinsey estimates that big data analytics can enable more than $300 billion in savings per year in U.S. healthcare, two thirds of that through reductions of approximately 8% in national healthcare expenditures. Clinical operations and R & D are two of the largest areas for potential savings with $165 billion and $108 billion in waste respectively .
Bigdata the “Opportunity”
For Big Data to transform the Healthcare services in real time, a wave of emerging technologies will need to converge. These will include pervasive sensors (the Internet of Everything) and real-time, localized, predictive analytics, including machines that “learn” from the data. In turn, this convergence will drive new approaches to traditional patient diagnosis, medical practices and processes.
Bigdata “What” Data
Bigdata in healthcare points to Electronic health data sets that are complex and massive, cannot be effectively managed with traditional hardware and legacy software architectures, methods and tools. Bigdata is a wave not only because of data volume but also because of diversity of data sources, types and speed.
Bigdata Healthcare Usecase
Patient Profile and monitor vitals
Healthcare devices are now able to emit patient vitals at regular frequencies in a day, these measurements can be streamed into the processing cluster, also this data is very useful for monitoring patient health and generating real time alerts which are signals and patient has to be given utmost care immediately.
Apply advanced analytics to patient profiles (e.g., segmentation and predictive modelling) to identify individuals who would benefit from proactive care or lifestyle changes, for example, those patients at risk of developing a specific disease (e.g., diabetes) who would benefit from preventive care. With the help of clinical records we can reduce the patient length of stay
Personalized Patient care
Results would be tailored to the particular needs of the patient and delivered fast. Doctors and patients get more time for focusing on the less time-sensitive and life-or-death aspects of medicine — that is, relationship building and preventive care.
Personalized health-plan selection based on past and projected use (doctors visits, drugs refills and elective procedures).
Personalized cost comparison on procedures, labs and drugs along with high quality information on physicians and hospitals.
Personalized alerts on excessive charges
Hospitalizations account for more than 30% of the 2
trillion annual cost of healthcare in the United States.
Around 20% of all hospital admissions occur within 30
days of a previous discharge. Medicare penalizes
hospitals that have high rates of readmissions among
patients with heart failure, heart attack, and
pneumonia. Hence its important to identify patients
who will be admitted to hospitals with in next year
using historical claims data.
Identifying patients at risk of readmission can guide
efficient resource utilization and can potentially save
millions of healthcare dollars each year, bigdata
analytics will help predict the number of
days a patient will spend in a hospital in the next year.
Improve the efficiency in Medical practices
Streamline workflow, shift clinical tasks from doctors to nurses, reduce unnecessary testing, and improve patient satisfaction. Like any business, big data made it clear where processes could be improved.
Consider Westmed Medical Group in Westchester County, New York. This practice grew from 16 physicians in 1996 to 250 physicians today seeing 250,000 patients, with annual revenue of $285 million. As the practice grows, it needs to be more efficient in order to succeed. Using big data, the practice was able to analyse more than 2,200 processes and procedures [Source: ingrammicroadvisor ]
Better preparation for potential peak admissions times
Hospital staff can use historic patient data to identify trends when it comes to high-traffic times of the year, or even hours in the day where there are increased admissions.
This means they can adjust Staffing levels accordingly, Providing higher-level care during peak periods and Giving doctors and nurses a little extra rest during times they might not be as needed.
Optimizations and recommendations
Drill into patterns of room usage and staff availability to identify inefficiencies and avert revenue loss.
Being able to predict equipment failures in advance, based on maintenance standards as well as past performance and maintenance, ensures that equipment will be available when needed and perform reliably
Fraud cases mostly arise and overlap with insurance and billing patterns.
Once we are in a position to go back into history and analyze the large datasets of historical claims and further use appropriate algorithms to detect anomalies, we can identify frauds. At the same time in real-time we can match against business rules, anomalies , social media data to prevent frauds.
Supply chain management
The complexity and size of the health care supply chain, however, makes it extremely difficult to keep an eye on that spending.
Address fragmentations in supply
Digging into historic data helps us understand where we are erring. Getting the right supplies, drugs and equipment of the right quality at the right location at the right time—and in the right quantity for the right patient—is critical to optimizing patient care and safety